Stamping tools, also known as metal stamping tools or dies, are used in the process of metal stamping to shape, cut, or form metal sheets or strips. There are several types of stamping tools, each designed for specific functions. Here are some common types:
- Blanking Dies: These dies are used to cut flat pieces or blanks from the metal sheet or strip. They have a sharp cutting edge that shears the material to create the desired shape.
- Piercing Dies: Piercing dies are used to create holes or openings in the metal sheet or strip. They can be simple round or shaped punches or can have complex designs depending on the required hole shape.
- Bending Dies: Bending dies are used to bend or fold the metal sheet or strip at specific angles. They typically consist of a punch and a corresponding die, which work together to form the desired bend.
- Forming Dies: Forming dies are used to shape the metal into specific contours or three-dimensional forms. They can be used to create complex shapes, such as curves, embossing, flanging, or deep-drawn components.
- Drawing Dies: Drawing dies are used to form cylindrical or cup-shaped components by pulling or drawing the metal sheet or strip into a die cavity. They are commonly used in the production of cans, automotive parts, and kitchen utensils.
- Coining Dies: Coining dies are used to create intricate patterns or designs on the metal surface. They apply high pressure to impress the design onto the metal, resulting in a raised or recessed image.
- Progressive Dies: Progressive dies are a series of interconnected dies used to perform multiple operations on the metal sheet or strip in a single pass. The material progresses through the dies, undergoing various processes such as cutting, bending, and forming, until the final part is produced.
These are just a few examples of stamping tools. The design and complexity of the tools can vary depending on the specific requirements of the metal stamping process and the desired final product.